Acne scar laser treatment is a laser-based therapy used for the removal of scarring on skin area caused by acne. This removal procedure is intended to replace traditional methods of incision, chemical applications and types of skin resurfacing to remove scarring. These traditional methods of acne marks removal are limited in their ability to remove scarring and are, often times, the cause of additional scarring. Typically, the marks result from damage to the protein collagen of the skin. Several laser acne treatment methods are being tested and evaluated, some with very promising results. There are two primary categories of this type of treatment, ablative and non-ablative.
Non-ablative method is designed to penetrate beneath the surface layer and treat collagen, directly. Non-ablative lasers provide doctors with access to the surface beneath the skin layer. A series of lasers is used in an attempt to stimulate collagen growth beneath the surface of your skin. Dermatologists have been pleased with the precision of pulsed lasers in skin marks removal method. This procedure offers a prolonged improvement of scarring, with improvements continuing for as much as one year after it is done. At the same time, it is also thought to shrink oil-producing glands in your skin, provide the skin with a healthy glow and offer textual improvements, more closely approximating normal skin characteristics. This type of laser procedure offers a short recovery time, sometimes, less than one hour. The involved cost may vary on different area, but usually it will be in the range of $400-$600 per session.
Ablative laser acne treatment is a more surgical-like process, which involves skin resurfacing for the removal of scarring. Ablative method involves the heating and removing of skin at the surface. Pulsed laser light dissolves molecular bonds of collagen such that they may regenerate themselves and recreate lost or damaged tissue. This acne laser surgery, typically, requires a long recovery time of 7 to 10 days. The surgery also offers the risks of changes in pigmentation and post-operative redness. The cost of ablative method may range from $1500 to $6000, dependent upon the number of applications necessary, your location and the availability of the service.
A commonly used ablative laser treatment involves a pulsed dye laser, which uses high-energy, yellow light to flatten raised scars and remove scar redness. Adjacent laser pulses are delivered over the scar such that they do not overlap. The pulsing lasers create a pink or purplish color to the treated area. This scars laser removal method may also reduce itching and burning sensations in the scar. The cured area are then reevaluated within 6 to 8 weeks. In some cases, a similar or more intense therapy may be required. Pulsed dye laser surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure without general anesthesia. Instead, a topical anesthesia, intralesional injection or nerve block is used. This type of acne scar treatment provides prolonged improvement to both thickened and deeply red colored part. It offers improvements in texture, reducing thickened and overgrown scars to within normal skin characteristics.
For non-reddened scars, a combination of pulsed dye and carbon dioxide laser vaporization has shown to provide similar results for minimally thick scars. A rigorous patient evaluation is necessary to categorize scarring and choose the most appropriate treatment. Carbon dioxide laser resurfacing is effective on atrophic scars, where there is a breakdown of the skin. Depending on the extent of scarring, local, regional nerve block or intravenous sedation may be required. Since that specific area is damaged and tissue is exposed, care must be taken to prevent infection. Improper post-operative treatment, to keep the treated area clean and moistened, may lead to long term scarring.